Held in Chalcedon, near Constantinople, 451. Under
Emperor Marcian. 630 Bishops were present.
The Council was
concerned, once again, with the nature of Jesus Christ. The teaching arose that
Christ's human nature (less perfect) dissolved itself in His divine nature
(more perfect): like a cube of sugar in a post of water. Thus, in reality,
Christ had only one nature, the Divine. Hence, the term: Monophysites
("mono", one and "physis",
"nature".) Monophysitism overemphasized the
divine nature of Christ, at the expense of the human.
condemned Monophysitism and proclaimed that Christ
has two complete natures: the divine and the human, as defined by previous
Councils. These two natures function without confusion, are not divided nor
separate (against Nestorius), and at no time did they
undergo any change (against Eutyches: Monophysites).